About InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD276 (B7-H3)
The MJ18 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse CD276 also known as B7-H3. CD276 is a type I transmembrane protein and a member of the B7 family of co-stimulatory proteins. CD276 is expressed weakly on activated lymphocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, nasal and airway epithelial cells, osteoblasts, and some tumor cell lines. A soluble form of CD276 is also secreted by monocytes, dendritic cells, and activated T cells. The biological role of CD276 is still under investigation however, recent studies suggest a negative regulatory role for CD276 in T cell responses. The MJ18 antibody has been shown to block CD276 when administered in vivo.
InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD276 (B7-H3) Specifications
|Isotype||Rat IgG1, κ|
|Recommended Isotype Control(s)|
|Recommended Dilution Buffer|
|Immunogen||Mouse B7-H3 IgG2a fusion protein|
|Sterility||0.2 μM filtered|
|Production||Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility|
|Molecular Weight||150 kDa|
|Storage||The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.|
InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD276 (B7-H3)
Kamachi, F., et al. (2015). “ICOS promotes group 2 innate lymphoid cell activation in lungs.” Biochem Biophys Res Commun 463(4): 739-745. PubMed
Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) are newly identified, potent producers of type 2 cytokines, such as IL-5 and IL-13, and contribute to the development of allergic lung inflammation induced by cysteine proteases. Although it has been shown that inducible costimulator (ICOS), a costimulatory molecule, is expressed on ILC2s, the role of ICOS in ILC2 responses is largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether the interaction of ICOS with its ligand B7-related protein-1 (B7RP-1) can promote ILC2 activation. Cytokine production in ILC2s purified from mouse lungs was significantly increased by coculture with B7RP-1-transfected cells, and increased cytokine production was inhibited by monoclonal antibody-mediated blocking of the ICOS/B7RP-1 interaction. ILC2 expansion and eosinophil influx induced by papain, a cysteine protease antigen, in mouse lungs were significantly abrogated by blocking the ICOS/B7RP-1 interaction. Dendritic cells (DCs) in the lungs expressed B7RP-1 and the number of DCs markedly increased with papain administration. B7RP-1 expression on lung DCs was reduced after papain administration. This downregulation of B7RP-1 expression may be an indication of ICOS/B7RP-1 binding. These results indicate that ILC2s might interact with B7RP-1-expressing DCs in allergic inflammatory lung, and ICOS signaling can positively regulate the protease allergen-induced ILC2 activation followed by eosinophil infiltration into the lungs.
in vivo B7-H3 blockade
Yamato, I., et al. (2009). “Clinical importance of B7-H3 expression in human pancreatic cancer.” Br J Cancer 101(10): 1709-1716. PubMed
BACKGROUND: B7-H3 is a new member of the B7 ligand family and regulates T-cell responses in various conditions. However, the role of B7-H3 in tumour immunity is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of B7-H3 expression in human pancreatic cancer and the therapeutic potential for cancer immunotherapy. METHODS: We investigated B7-H3 expression in 59 patients with pancreatic cancer by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR. Furthermore, we examined the anti-tumour effect of B7-H3-blocking monoclonal antibody in vivo in a murine pancreatic cancer model. RESULTS: Tumour-related B7-H3 expression was abundant in most human pancreatic cancer tissues and was significantly higher compared with that in non-cancer tissue or normal pancreas. Moreover, its expression was significantly more intense in cases with lymph node metastasis and advanced pathological stage. B7-H3 blockade promoted CD8(+) T-cell infiltration into the tumour and induced a substantial anti-tumour effect on murine pancreatic cancer. In addition, the combination of gemcitabine with B7-H3 blockade showed a synergistic anti-tumour effect without overt toxicity. CONCLUSION: Our data show for the first time that B7-H3 may have a critical role in pancreatic cancer and provide the rationale for developing a novel cancer immunotherapy against this fatal disease.
Nagashima, O., et al. (2008). “B7-H3 contributes to the development of pathogenic Th2 cells in a murine model of asthma.” J Immunol 181(6): 4062-4071. PubMed
B7-H3 is a new member of the B7 family. The receptor for B7-H3 has not been identified, but it seems to be expressed on activated T cells. Initial studies have shown that B7-H3 provides a stimulatory signal to T cells. However, recent studies suggest a negative regulatory role for B7-H3 in T cell responses. Thus, the immunological function of B7-H3 is controversial and unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of neutralizing anti-B7-H3 mAb in a mouse model of allergic asthma to determine whether B7-H3 contributes to the development of pathogenic Th2 cells and pulmonary inflammation. Administration of anti-B7-H3 mAb significantly reduced airway hyperreactivity with a concomitant decrease in eosinophils in the lung as compared with control IgG-treated mice. Treatment with anti-B7-H3 mAb also resulted in decreased production of Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13) in the draining lymph node cells. Although blockade of B7-H3 during the induction phase abrogated the development of asthmatic responses, B7-H3 blockade during the effector phase did not inhibit asthmatic responses. These results indicated an important role for B7-H3 in the development of pathogenic Th2 cells during the induction phase in a murine model of asthma.