InVivoPlus anti-mouse TNFα
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About InVivoPlus anti-mouse TNFα
The XT3.11 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse TNFα (tumor necrosis factor-alpha) a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine. TNFα exists as a soluble 17 kDa monomer, which forms homotrimers in circulation or as a 26 kDa membrane-bound form. TNFα belongs to the TNF superfamily of cytokines and signals through its two receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2 which can be activated by both the soluble trimeric and membrane-bound and forms of TNFα. TNFα is primarily produced by macrophages in response to foreign antigens such as bacteria (lipopolysaccharides), viruses, and parasites as well as mitogens and other cytokines but can also be expressed by monocytes, neutrophils, NK cells, CD4 T cells and some specialized dendritic cells. TNFα is known to play key roles in a wide spectrum of biological processes including immunoregulation, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, antitumor activity, inflammation, anorexia, cachexia, septic shock, hematopoiesis, and viral replication. TNFα dysregulation has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer. Mouse and human TNFα share 79% amino acid sequence identity however, mouse TNFα is glycosylated while human TNFα is not. TNFα knockout animals display defects in response to bacterial infection, characterized by defects in forming organized follicular dendritic cell networks and germinal centers with a lack of primary B cell follicles.
InVivoPlus anti-mouse TNFα Specifications
|Recommended Isotype Control(s)||
InVivoPlus rat IgG1 isotype control, anti-trinitrophenol(BP0290)
InVivoPlus rat IgG1 isotype control, anti-horseradish peroxidase(BP0088)
|Recommended InVivoPure Dilution Buffer||InVivoPure pH 8.0 Dilution Buffer(IP0080)|
Recombinant mouse TNFα
0.2 μM filtered
Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility
The antibody solution should be stored undiluted at 4°C, and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
|Murine Pathogen Test Results||
The InVivoPlus Difference
Our InVivoPlus™ antibodies feature all the great qualities of our InVivoMab™ antibodies. The InVivoPlus™ versions of our products are structurally and functionally identical to the InVivoMab™ versions with the added benefit of additional QC measures. InVivoPlus™ antibodies are screened for murine pathogens using ultrasensitive qPCR, screened for protein aggregation via dynamic light scattering, feature advanced binding validation via flow cytometry, ELISA, and/or Western blot, and are guaranteed to contain less than 1 endotoxin unit per milligram. Our InVivoPlus™ line of antibodies are designed to exceed the strict demands and rigorous standards required for in vivo work at any research organization.