About InVivoMAb anti-human CEACAM 1/3/5/6/8
The 6G5j monoclonal antibody reacts with an antigen epitope shared by mouse carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) 1, 3, 5, 6, and 8, also known as CD66a, d, e, c, and b. CEACAMs are highly glycosylated membrane proteins belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. CEACAMs are involved in cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, T and B cell activation and except for CEACAM 8, they also serve as bacterial pathogen receptors. CEACAM 1 is expressed by epithelial, endothelial, and immune cells. CEACAM 3 and 8 are solely expressed in granulocytes, CEACAM 5 in epithelial cells and CEACAM 6 in epithelium and granulocytes. Antibodies against CEACAMs are commonly used in immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry to identify cells expressing the glycoprotein in tissue samples and cell culture. However, CEACAM 1, 5 and 6 are also found in serum where they can be used as tumor markers.
InVivoMAb anti-human CEACAM 1/3/5/6/8 Specifications
|Isotype||Mouse IgG1, κ|
|Recommended Isotype Control(s)|
|Recommended Dilution Buffer|
|Immunogen||Human CEACAM1-Fc fusion protein|
|Sterility||0.2 μM filtered|
|Production||Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility|
|Molecular Weight||150 kDa|
|Storage||The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.|
InVivoMAb anti-human CEACAM 1/3/5/6/8
Nishino, H., et al. (2021). "A Novel Color-Coded Liver Metastasis Mouse Model to Distinguish Tumor and Adjacent Liver Segment." J Surg Res 264: 327-333. PubMed
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to distinguish between a tumor and its liver segment with traditional use of indocyanine green (ICG) alone. In the present study, a method was used to limit ICG to the liver segment adjacent to a tumor. A spectrally-distinct fluorescently-labeled tumor-specific antibody against human carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell-adhesion molecules was used to label the metastatic tumor in a patient-derived orthotopic xenograft mouse model to enable color-coded visualization and distinction of a colon-cancer liver metastases and its adjacent liver segment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nude mice received surgical orthotopic implantation in the liver of colon-cancer liver metastases derived from two patients. An anti- carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell-adhesion molecules monoclonal antibody (mAb 6G5j) was conjugated to a near-infrared dye IR700DX (6G5j-IR700DX). After three weeks, mice received 6G5j-IR700DX via tail-vein injection 48 hours before surgery. ICG was intravenously injected after ligation of the left or left lateral Glissonean pedicle resulting in labeling of the segment with preserved blood-flow in the liver. Imaging was performed with the Pearl Trilogy and FLARE Imaging Systems. RESULTS: The metastatic liver tumor had a clear fluorescence signal due to selective tumor targeting by 6G5j-IR700DX, which was imaged on the 700 nm channel. The adjacent liver segment, with preserved blood-flow in the liver, had a clear fluorescence ICG 800 nm signal, while the left or left lateral segment had no fluorescence signal. Overlay of the images showed clear color-coded differentiation between the tumor fluorescing at 700 nm and the adjacent liver segment fluorescing at 800 nm. CONCLUSIONS: Color-coding of a liver tumor and uninvolved liver segment has the potential for improved liver resection.
Hollandsworth, H. M., et al. (2020). "Anti-carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule antibody for fluorescence visualization of primary colon cancer and metastases in patient-derived orthotopic xenograft mouse models." Oncotarget 11(4): 429-439. PubMed
BACKGROUND: Monoclonal antibody (mAb) 6G5j is a novel anti-CEACAM monoclonal antibody. Our aim was to investigate mAb 6G5j binding characteristics and to validate fluorescence targeting of colorectal tumors and metastases in patient derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) models with fluorescently labeled 6G5j. MATERIALS/METHODS: The MAb 6G5j binding profile was analyzed with ELISA, Western blot and immunohistochemistry. MAb 6G5j was conjugated to near-infrared dye IR800CW (LI-COR). Western blotting was performed with various colon cancer cell lysates to determine CEACAM expression. Nude mice received orthotopic implantation of patient-derived primary colon cancer and patient-derived colon cancer metastases. Mice were administered varying doses of 6G5j-IR800CW via tail vein injection and imaged 24 and 48 hours later. RESULTS: MAb 6G5j bound to human CEACAM1, 3, 5, 6 and 8. Western blotting demonstrated varied expression of CEACAMs in 15 of 16 colon cancer lysates. Dose and time-response imaging demonstrated optimal imaging 48 hours after administration of 50 μg 6G5j-IR800CW (Tumor-to-liver ratio (TLR) 3.17, SEM ± 0.45). Primary cancers and multiple metastases were fluorescently visualized. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-CEACAM antibody 6G5j binds multiple CEACAMs which may lead to improved detection of tumor margins for tumors and metastases that have variable expression of CEA and other CEACAMs. 6G5j mAb may be useful for colon cancer detection for pre-surgical diagnosis and fluorescence-guided surgery.
Tegtmeyer, N., et al. (2020). "Type IV secretion of Helicobacter pylori CagA into oral epithelial cells is prevented by the absence of CEACAM receptor expression." Gut Pathog 12: 25. PubMed
Background: Helicobacter pylori typically colonizes the human stomach, but it can occasionally be detected in the oral cavity of infected persons. Clinical outcome as a result of gastric colonization depends on presence of the pathogenicity island cagPAI that encodes a type-IV secretion system (T4SS) for translocation of the effector protein CagA and ADP-heptose. Upon injection into target cells, CagA is phosphorylated, which can be demonstrated by in vitro infection of the gastric epithelial cell line AGS, resulting in cell elongation. Here we investigated whether H. pylori can exert these responses during interaction with cells from the oral epithelium. To this purpose, three oral epithelial cell lines, HN, CAL-27 and BHY, were infected with various virulent wild-type H. pylori strains, and CagA delivery and ADP-heptose-mediated pro-inflammatory responses were monitored. Results: All three oral cell lines were resistant to elongation upon infection, despite similar bacterial binding capabilities. Moreover, T4SS-dependent CagA injection was absent. Resistance to CagA delivery was shown to be due to absence of CEACAM expression in these cell lines, while these surface molecules have recently been recognized as H. pylori T4SS receptors. Lack of CEACAM expression in HN, CAL-27 and BHY cells was overcome by genetic introduction of either CEACAM1, CEACAM5, or CEACAM6, which in each of the cell lines was proven sufficient to facilitate CagA delivery and phosphorylation upon H. pylori infection to levels similar to those observed with the gastric AGS cells. Pro-inflammatory responses, as measured by interleukin-8 ELISA, were induced to high levels in each cell line and CEACAM-independent. Conclusions: These results show that lack of CEACAM receptors on the surface of the oral epithelial cells was responsible for resistance to H. pylori CagA-dependent pathogenic activities, and confirms the important role for the T4SS-dependent interaction of these receptors with H. pylori in the gastric epithelium.
Tegtmeyer, N., et al. (2019). "Expression of CEACAM1 or CEACAM5 in AZ-521 cells restores the type IV secretion deficiency for translocation of CagA by Helicobacter pylori." Cell Microbiol 21(1): e12965. PubMed
Helicobacter pylori represents an important pathogen involved in diseases ranging from gastritis, peptic ulceration, to gastric malignancies. Prominent virulence factors comprise the vacuolating cytotoxin VacA and the cytotoxin-associated genes pathogenicity island (cagPAI)-encoded type IV secretion system (T4SS). The T4SS effector protein CagA can be translocated into AGS and other gastric epithelial cells followed by phosphorylation through c-Src and c-Abl tyrosin kinases to hijack signalling networks. The duodenal cell line AZ-521 has been recently introduced as novel model system to investigate CagA delivery and phosphorylation in a VacA-dependent fashion. In contrast, we discovered that AZ-521 cells display a T4SS incompetence phenotype for CagA injection, which represents the first reported gastrointestinal cell line with a remarkable T4SS defect. We proposed that this deficiency may be due to an imbalanced coexpression of T4SS receptor integrin-beta1 or carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs), which were described recently as novel H. pylori receptors. We demonstrate that AZ-521 cells readily express integrin-beta1 , but overexpression of integrin-beta1 constructs did not restore the T4SS defect. We further show that AZ-521 cells lack the expression of CEACAMs. We demonstrate that genetic introduction of either CEACAM1 or CEACAM5, but not CEACAM6, in AZ-521 cells is sufficient to permit injection and phosphorylation of CagA by H. pylori to degrees observed in the AGS cell model. Expression of CEACAM1 or CEACAM5 in infected AZ-521 cells was also accompanied by tyrosine dephosphorylation of the cytoskeletal proteins vinculin and cortactin, a hallmark of H. pylori-infected AGS cells. Our results suggest the existence of an integrin-beta1 – and CEACAM1- or CEACAM5-dependent T4SS delivery pathway for CagA, which is clearly independent of VacA. The presence of two essential host protein receptors during infection with H. pylori represents a unique feature in the bacterial T4SS world. Further detailed investigation of these T4SS functions will help to better understand infection strategies by bacterial pathogens.
Javaheri, A., et al. (2016). "Helicobacter pylori adhesin HopQ engages in a virulence-enhancing interaction with human CEACAMs." Nat Microbiol 2: 16189. PubMed
Helicobacter pylori specifically colonizes the human gastric epithelium and is the major causative agent for ulcer disease and gastric cancer development. Here, we identify members of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) family as receptors of H. pylori and show that HopQ is the surface-exposed adhesin that specifically binds human CEACAM1, CEACAM3, CEACAM5 and CEACAM6. HopQ-CEACAM binding is glycan-independent and targeted to the N-domain. H. pylori binding induces CEACAM1-mediated signalling, and the HopQ-CEACAM1 interaction enables translocation of the virulence factor CagA into host cells and enhances the release of pro-inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-8. Based on the crystal structure of HopQ, we found that a beta-hairpin insertion (HopQ-ID) in HopQ’s extracellular 3+4 helix bundle domain is important for CEACAM binding. A peptide derived from this domain competitively inhibits HopQ-mediated activation of the Cag virulence pathway, as genetic or antibody-mediated abrogation of the HopQ function shows. Together, our data suggest the HopQ-CEACAM1 interaction to be a potentially promising novel therapeutic target to combat H. pylori-associated diseases.