About InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD80 (B7-1)
The 1G10 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse CD80 also known as B7-1. CD80 is a 60 kDa Ig superfamily member and is expressed by activated B cells and constitutively by monocytes and dendritic cells. This ligand binds to CD28 to provide a costimulatory signal necessary for T cell activation and survival, and cytokine production. Additionally, CD80 binds to CTLA-4 which inhibits T cells. This antibody has been shown to block CD80 in vivo.
InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD80 (B7-1) Specifications
|Isotype||Rat IgG2a, κ|
|Recommended Isotype Control(s)|
|Recommended Dilution Buffer|
|Immunogen||Dibutyryl cAMP-Activated 5C2 cells|
|Sterility||0.2 μM filtered|
|Production||Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility|
|Molecular Weight||150 kDa|
|Storage||The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.|
InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD80 (B7-1) (Clone: 1G10)
Patel, J. M., et al. (2015). “Plasma membrane vesicles decorated with glycolipid-anchored antigens and adjuvants via protein transfer as an antigen delivery platform for inhibition of tumor growth.” Biomaterials 74: 231-244. PubMed
Antigen delivered within particulate materials leads to enhanced antigen-specific immunity compared to soluble administration of antigen. However, current delivery approaches for antigen encapsulated in synthetic particulate materials are limited by the complexity of particle production that affects stability and immunogenicity of the antigen. Herein, we describe a protein delivery system that utilizes plasma membrane vesicles (PMVs) derived from biological materials such as cultured cells or isolated tissues and a simple protein transfer technology. We show that these particulate PMVs can be easily modified within 4 h by a protein transfer process to stably incorporate a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored form of the breast cancer antigen HER-2 onto the PMV surface. Immunization of mice with GPI-HER-2-modified-PMVs induced strong HER-2-specific antibody responses and protection from tumor challenge in two different breast cancer models. Further incorporation of the immunostimulatory molecules IL-12 and B7-1 onto the PMVs by protein transfer enhanced tumor protection and induced beneficial Th1 and Th2-type HER-2-specific immune responses. Since protein antigens can be easily converted to GPI-anchored forms, these results demonstrate that isolated plasma membrane vesicles can be modified with desired antigens along with immunostimulatory molecules by protein transfer and used as a vaccine delivery vehicle to elicit potent antigen-specific immunity.
Fankhauser, S. C. and M. N. Starnbach (2014). “PD-L1 limits the mucosal CD8+ T cell response to Chlamydia trachomatis.” J Immunol 192(3): 1079-1090. PubMed
Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Repeated infections with C. trachomatis lead to serious sequelae, such as infertility. It is unclear why the adaptive immune system, specifically the CD8(+) T cell response, is unable to protect against subsequent C. trachomatis infections. In this article, we characterize the mucosal CD8(+) T cell response to C. trachomatis in the murine genital tract. We demonstrate that the immunoinhibitory ligand, PD-L1, contributes to the defective CD8(+) T cell response. Deletion or inhibition of PD-L1 restores the CD8(+) T cell response and enhances C. trachomatis clearance.
Bagenstose, L. M., et al. (2002). “B7-1 and B7-2 co-stimulatory molecules are required for mercury-induced autoimmunity.” Clin Exp Immunol 127(1): 12-19. PubMed
B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) molecules on antigen presenting cells play important roles in providing co-stimulatory signals required for activation and expansion of autoreactive T cells. Moreover, some reports have suggested that these molecules may have distinct functions in the differentiation of Th1 and Th2 cells. Mercury-induced autoimmunity in H-2s mice is characterized by lymphoproliferation of T and B cells, serum increases in IgG1 and IgE and production of antinucleolar antibodies (ANoA). The mechanisms responsible for the various manifestations of this syndrome have yet to be elucidated. To examine the contributions of B7 co-stimulatory molecules to this model, susceptible mice were treated with antibodies to B7-1, B7-2, or both during the development of mercury-induced autoimmunity. The combination of anti-B7-1 and anti-B7-2 antibodies prevented Hg-induced disease in H-2s mice. Additionally, single anti-B7-1 antibody treatment was sufficient to prevent Hg-induced ANoA production, but not IgG1 and IgE hypergammaglobulinaemia. Further, single antibody treatment with anti-B7-2 resulted in a partial reduction of ANoA titres but had no significant effect on total serum IgG1 and IgE levels. Taken together, these results indicate that B7-1 and B7-2 molecules are critical for the development of Hg-induced autoimmunity and suggest that the different manifestations of the syndrome are regulated by independent mechanisms.